Whether you're some type of competitive athlete such as sports athlete, a crossfitter or the everyday "gym guy", lower back and neck pain is something that cripples anyone's aspirations. In an efforts to understand the ailments and how to prevent them, we asked Dr. Michael Camp DPT, CSCS, PES, owner of My Competitive Life, for his rundown of back injuries and expert advice on how to treat and prevent them.
What You Did
Bulging Disc or Herniated Disc The disc is a gelatin material that resides between each vertebrate. A bulging disc is where the nuclear material is still contained within the annular fibers, but bulging out and can be putting pressure on a nerve root. A herniated disc can vary in degree, but the disc is no longer contained by the annular fibers and can be leaking and causing pressure onto a nerve. Degenerative Disc Disease The space between each vertebrate begins to become smaller, causing more pressure onto each disc and spinal structures. This can lead to osteoarthritis, micro fractures and ruptured discs. Spinal Facet Impingement This is part of the vertebrate that can become locked in a certain position due to a quick, awkward movement, or straining a muscle when lifting. The result is sharp pain in your neck or back when trying to move into certain positions. Pinched Nerve with Strained Muscle This happens due to compression, constriction, or stretching of muscles. Symptoms can range from numbness and burning into your extremities or a “pins and needles” feeling as well.
How You Did It
Poor Form Performing a squat or deadlift while flexing or rounding your spine has dramatic effects on shear loading of the discs and the result is injury. The spine is much stronger and better able to withstand compressive forces—about 55% stronger—when in a neutral posture. Myoelectric signals (the electrical signals that control muscles) create muscle forces when performing the deadlift and squat. With a flexed, rounded spine, the muscles of your lower back are “silent, ” and you increase strain on posterior passive tissues and high shearing forces on the lumbar spine resulting in injury. On the other hand, a neutral or extended spine showed increased myoelectric lower back muscle recruitment and a reduction of shear forces on the lumbar vertebral disks resulting in a quality lift and reduced risk for injury. Lack of Flexibility Crossed Pelvis Syndrome and Gluteal Amnesia is described by having weak or inhibited glutes, weak abdominals, tight hamstrings and tight hip flexors. As a result, when trying to squat or deadlift, you will not be able to recruit the power muscles of their hips and glutes correctly, causing increased stress and force onto your spine.